The infection is caused by bacteria which accumulate in the gums due to a build up of tartar on the surface of the teeth that provides a perfect breeding ground for infectious bacteria.
The disease is characterized by the discolouration of the gums from a coral pink to a red, raw colouring and the swelling of normally smooth tissue. If your gums are bleeding when you are brushing your teeth, you will certainly have some form of the disease, whether it be a mild or severe form. In addition, if you notice that your gums are painful, inflamed or have even begun to recede then you know you have to visit your Leeds dentist for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of gum disease will result in some form of treatment, whether it be the superficial scraping of the diseased tissue and bacteria, or a surgical procedure to remove diseased pockets from the gums. The latter process can be painful and can result in a loss of gum tissue, leaving your teeth more exposed.
The best way to prevent gum disease is to maintain good oral hygiene and ensure you do everything possible to prevent the build up of plaque and the formation of tartar in your mouth. Good oral hygiene is achieved by the proper brushing of the teeth, regular visits to your dentist, flossing at least once a day and avoiding tobacco (cigarettes).