Periodontal disease, also known as gingivitis or gum disease, describes the condition that begins with bacterial growth and plaque build up in the mouth that can lead to tissue destruction and ultimately lost teeth.
In the first stages of the disease (most commonly called gingivitis for less serious cases) plaque and bacteria build up around the gums causing inflammation and possibly bleeding. This irritation of the gums also may cause them to be sore. It can be treated with improved cleaning or by a dentist. If left untreated however, it will continue to progress causing further health problems for your gums. It can cause gaps to develop between the teeth and gums which in turn become infected allowing the disease to spread.
Periodontal disease can be caused by a number of factors. Hormonal changes or illness may the cause an imbalance of bacteria and make the gums more sensitive. This can also be caused by taking some medications and lifestyle choices such as smoking. The most common cause of gum disease by far, however, is poor oral hygiene. Inadequate brushing and flossing means not enough plaque is removed from the teeth or gums and the disease is allowed to take hold.
If you suspect you may be suffering from periodontal disease, it is important that you make an appointment to see a Central Leeds as soon as possible. If the condition is mild it may be easily treatable, but serious cases may require antibiotics or possibly even surgical treatment. This is because of the serious nature of advanced periodontal disease and the possible links to heart disease and further health complications.